Diarrhea should be said to be the most common situation in everyday life, when people feel that their bodies become very weak and feel a burst of pain in their stomach, but it is absolutely impossible to eat some drugs at a time when they are not clear about the cause of their illness. Words are a great harm to your body. Especially, you should never use painkillers.
Etiological treatment and symptomatic treatment are important. Before making any definite cause, we should use painkillers and antidiarrheal drugs carefully so as not to cover up the symptoms, cause misdiagnosis and delay the disease.
1. etiological treatment
(1) antibiotics should be chosen according to different etiologies.
(2) other products such as lactose intolerance should not be used in dairy products. Adult celiac disease should be banned from wheat products. Chronic pancreatitis can supplement various digestive enzymes. Drug related diarrhea should be discontinued immediately.
2. symptomatic treatment
(1) general treatment to correct water, electrolyte, acid-base balance disorders and nutritional imbalance. Replenish liquids as appropriate, supplement vitamins, amino acids, fat emulsions and other nutrients.
(2) mucosal protective agents such as double eight faced montmorillonite and sucralfate.
(3) microecological agents such as Bifidobacterium can regulate intestinal flora.
(4) antidiarrheal agents should be selected according to the specific circumstances.
(5) other 654-2, bromine, amphetamine and atropine have spasmodic effects, but patients with glaucoma, hypertrophy of the prostate and severe inflammatory bowel disease are careful to use it.
The key to diagnosis of diarrhoea is to diagnose the primary disease or cause of the disease. It should be based on the condition of the disease, the course of the disease, the age of the disease, the population of the disease, the number of diarrhoea and the nature of the stool, the accompanying symptoms and signs, and the routine test, especially the fecal test.
Acute diarrhea should be based on the history of disease, the onset of the season, the accompanying systemic symptoms, the first identification of the virus, bacteria, parasites and other infectious diarrhea, or food poisoning, drugs or other diseases caused by diarrhoea. The identification of pathogenic bacteria depends on stool culture. Some parasites, such as Giardia, need intestinal biopsy.
Chronic diarrhoea can be diagnosed by medical history, physical examination, anus examination, routine cultivation of stool and finding insect eggs and parasites, stool fat determination, digestive tract endoscopy and biopsy. First of all, it should be clear whether diarrhea originates from the small intestine or colon.
For small bowel diarrhea, barium meal examination, enteroscopy and other laboratory examinations should be further done to determine whether it is organic or functional. If it is a colonic diarrhea, colonoscopy should be done to see if there is any tumor, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, etc.