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颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

文章目录

一、颈椎病保健操的注意事项
二、颈椎病如何预防
三、颈椎病饮食原则

颈椎病保健操的注意事项

1、颈椎病保健操的注意事项

随着白领族的逐渐增多和电子产品的大众化,颈椎病的发病率越来越高,发病人群也呈现年轻化趋向。颈部的保健,除了注意不要久坐、长期保持一个姿势之外,每天花10分钟时间做一做颈部保健操,也能很好的让颈椎病远离你哦。

要注意的是,做颈部保健操时动作应该柔和、缓慢,速度不可过快。大多数人的颈部酸痛、不适,并非是颈椎出现了问题,而是颈部肌肉在长期保持同一姿势后,出现僵硬。如果颈部保健操做得太猛,容易使原本没有问题的颈椎、骨关节出现磨损,反而容易导致颈椎病了。颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

2、颈椎病病因

不良的睡眠体位不良的睡眠体位因其持续时间长及在大脑处于休息状态下不能及时调整,则必然造成椎旁肌肉、韧带及关节的平衡失调。

不当的工作姿势大量统计材料表明某些工作量不大,强度不高,但处于坐位,尤其是低头工作者的颈椎病发病率特高,包括家务劳动者、刺绣女工、办公室人员、打字抄写者、仪表流水线上的装配工等等。

不适当的体育锻炼正常的体育锻炼有助于健康,但超过颈部耐量的活动运动,如以头颈部为负重支撑点的人体倒立或翻筋斗等,均可加重颈椎的负荷,尤其在缺乏正确指导的情况下。

3、颈椎病怎么检查

前屈旋颈试验令患者颈部前屈、嘱其向左右旋转活动。如颈椎处出现疼痛,表明颈椎小关节有退行性变。

椎间孔挤压试验(压顶试验)令患者头偏向患侧,检查者左手掌放于患者头顶部、右手握拳轻叩左手背,则出现肢体放射性痛或麻木、表示力量向下传递到椎间孔变小,有根性损害;对根性疼痛厉害者,检查者用双手重叠放于头顶、间下加压,即可诱发或加剧症状。当患者头部处于中立位或后伸位时出现加压试验阳性称之为Jackson压头试验阳性。颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

臂丛牵拉试验患者低头、检查者一手扶患者头颈部、另一手握患肢腕部,作相反方向推拉,看患者是否感到放射痛或麻木,这称为Eaten试验。如牵拉同时再迫使患肢作内旋动作,则称为Eaten加强试验。

颈椎病如何预防

加强颈肩部肌肉的锻炼在工间或工余时,做头及双上肢的前屈、后伸及旋转运动,既可缓解疲劳,又能使肌肉发达,韧度增强,从而有利于颈段脊柱的稳定性,增强颈肩顺应颈部突然变化的能力。

注意颈肩部保暖避免头颈负重物,避免过度疲劳,坐车时不要打瞌睡。

及早,彻底治疗颈肩、背软组织劳损防止其发展为颈椎病,劳动或走路时要防止闪、挫伤。

注意端正头、颈、肩、背的姿势不要偏头耸肩、谈话、看书时要正面注视,要保持脊柱的正直。颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

气候变化时,防止受凉除应注意在初夏或晚秋在户外休息时,由于气温多变,易受凉而引起颈部肌肉痉挛或风湿性改变外,更应避免在空调环境下冷风持续吹向身体,特别是头颈部,可以造成颈椎内外的平衡失调而诱发或加重症状。

颈椎病饮食原则

专家提出颈椎病患者的饮食原则为合理搭配,不可单一偏食。颈椎病患者的饮食分为主食和副食两种,主食提供热能,副食调节生理机能,粗细、干稀、主副搭配的全面营养可满足人体需要,促进患者的康复和维持正常人体的需要。

颈椎病患者的饮食还可以做到对症进食,蛋白质是形成韧带、骨骼、肌肉所不可缺少的营养素,维生素B、E则可缓解疼痛,解除疲劳。如颈椎病属湿热阻滞经络者,应多吃些葛根、苦瓜、丝瓜等清热解肌通络的果菜,如属寒湿阻滞经络者,应多吃些狗肉、羊肉等温经散寒之食物,如属血虚气滞者,应多进食公鸡、鲤鱼、黑豆等食物。


Article catalogues

1. Precautions for the health exercises of the cervical spondylosis
Two, how to prevent cervical spondylosis
Three, the dietary principle of cervical spondylosis

Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

1, attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

With the increasing number of white-collar workers and the popularity of electronic products, the incidence of cervical spondylosis is increasing. The health of the neck, in addition to the attention to not sedentary, long-term maintenance of a posture, spend 10 minutes a day to do a neck exercise, can also be a good way to keep the cervical disease away from you.

It should be noted that when doing neck exercises, the movements should be gentle and slow, and the speed should not be too fast. Most people's neck pain and discomfort is not a cervical vertebra problem, but a stiff neck muscle after maintaining the same posture for a long time. If the neck exercise is too fierce, it is easy to wear out the cervical vertebrae and joints that are not at issue, but it can easily lead to cervical spondylosis. 颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

2, etiology of cervical spondylosis

Poor sleep body position, because of its long duration and in the brain in a rest state can not be timely adjusted, it is bound to cause the balance of paravertebral muscles, ligaments and joints.

A large number of statistical materials of improper working posture indicate that some of the workload is not large and the intensity is not high, but the incidence of cervical spondylosis is very high, especially for the low head workers, including housework, embroidered women workers, office workers, typing scribes, installation and matching on the instrument assembly line and so on.

Improper physical exercise can help health, but activities or movements beyond the neck tolerance, such as the body inverted or somersault in the head and neck, can aggravate the load of the cervical spine, especially in the absence of correct guidance.

3. How to check the cervical spondylosis

The forward rotation neck test allows the patient to bend his neck flexion and ask him to rotate to the left and right. If there is pain in the cervical spine, it shows that the cervical facet joint is degenerative.

The intervertebral foramen extrusion test (pressure top test) makes the patient's head biased toward the affected side. The examiner puts his left hand in the top of the patient's head, the hand clenched the fist and taps the left hand back, then there is radiation pain or numbness in the limb, indicating that the strength is passed down to the intervertebral foramen, and there is a root damage. Pressure can induce or exacerbate symptoms. When the head was in neutral or extended position, the pressure test positive was called Jackson indenter test positive. 颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

In the brachial plexus traction test, the patient's head and neck, the other hand and the wrist in the other hand, were pushed in the opposite direction to see whether the patient felt pain or numbness. This was called the Eaten test. If traction is done at the same time, the affected limb can be forced to rotate internally. This is called Eaten enhancement test.

How to prevent cervical spondylosis

To strengthen the exercise of neck and shoulder muscles during work or spare time, the flexion, extension and rotation of the head and the double upper limbs can relieve the fatigue, develop the muscles and enhance the toughness, thus it is beneficial to the stability of the cervical spine and the ability of the neck and shoulder to adapt to the sudden change in the neck.

Pay attention to the neck and shoulders to keep warm, avoid head and neck to avoid heavy fatigue and avoid drowsing while riding.

Early and thorough treatment of neck shoulder and soft tissue strain to prevent cervical spondylosis and prevent flash or contusion during labor or walking.

Pay attention to the posture of head, neck, shoulder and back. Do not shrug shoulders, talk and read. Keep your spine straight. 颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis

When climate change, the prevention of cold should be paid attention to in the early summer or late autumn in the outdoor rest, because the temperature is changeable, easy to be cold and cause the neck muscle spasm or rheumatic changes, more should avoid the cold wind in the air conditioning environment, especially the head and neck, can cause imbalance between the neck and neck and induce or aggravate the symptoms.

The dietary principle of cervical spondylosis

Experts suggest that patients with cervical spondylosis diet principles for a reasonable match, not a single partial eclipse. The diet of the patients with cervical spondylosis is divided into two kinds of staple food and non staple food, the main food provides heat energy, the non staple food regulates the physiological function, the overall nutrition of the coarse, dry and thin, and the main and auxiliary pairs can meet the needs of the human body, promote the rehabilitation of the patients and maintain the normal human needs.

The diet of patients with cervical spondylosis can also be able to eat, protein is an indispensable nutrient for the formation of ligaments, bones and muscles. Vitamin B and E can relieve pain and relieve fatigue. If the cervical spondylosis is a damp and hot blockage of the meridian, we should eat some vegetables such as Pueraria lobata, bitter gourd and silk gourd, such as the cold dampness and collaterals, such as the cold dampness blocking the meridians, should eat more dog meat, mutton and other food, such as blood deficiency and Qi stagnation, should eat more food such as cock, carp, black bean and so on.

颈椎病保健操的注意事项 - Attention to the health exercises of cervical spondylosis:等您坐沙发呢!

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