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编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

文章目录

一、编舞的基本要素
二、常见的群舞队形
三、双人舞各种姿态编排技法

编舞的基本要素

1、编舞的基本要素

编舞的基本要素包含有舞蹈表情、舞蹈节奏和舞蹈构图三个基本要素。节奏是舞蹈动作的时间因素,构图是舞蹈表演者的表情和节奏的变化构成的,含有空间因素。造型性舞蹈表情是通过舞蹈家创造的人物形象表达人的情感和思想,所以它不同于一般自然状态下的情绪,亦不只限于面部表情,而主要是通过“力度、”速度“和”幅度“去体现。

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

这些对比的形式和舞蹈的节奏,结合着表情构成了舞蹈上动的构图。通过动的构图,表达了人物形象特定的思想感情,创造出各种美的舞蹈想象空间。因此,舞蹈这三要素的互相结合,互相作用,形成了舞蹈艺术独特的表现形式。舞蹈这三个要素缺一不可,但在不同的舞蹈形式中却有不同的侧重。一般自娱性舞蹈多侧重于节奏,而舞台表演的舞蹈则是三者结合起来,密切不可分的。

舞蹈从来不是单一构成的,所有的因素总要一起出现。然而,所有的因素不是同时出现,也不具有同样的价值。受外界影响,身体在某段时间、某个空间、某种状况下产生动作。根据舞蹈的”构思“,因素中的一个可能是主导的,出现在首要地位。它将成为编舞的中心因素,其他的因素在结构舞蹈动作时作为辅助的成分。

2、舞蹈动作的认识

2.1、舞蹈动作的构成方法:

重组法:对一个动作或一组动作分类,在同类形中重新组合(动作的先后顺序变化)

重叠法:一个或一组动作在同一空间下或不同空间方向重复使用。

折分法:留住局部折除全部(如:一个整体的动作,不要手上的只要脚上的动作)

模糊法:一个对原始创作工作印迹上的保留与发展。

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

2.2、舞蹈动作的力量性:

力量是某种类似基本的肌肉”紧张度“的东西。通过它能产生动作。对力量概念的感觉通过重量的获得和给动作注入力量来体会。

3、舞蹈表情的处理方式

虚幻的情感表情:不太很明显的具体的对某一种特定的情感,做为过渡表达成铺垫的过程。

暗含的情感表情:心理活动以外部表情不完全统一的一种处理结果。

聚象的情感表情:让人一目了然的动作使用。

抽象的情感表情:把明确的事物通过动作语汇,通过表情进行抽象的处理,使其在像与不象之间形成一种强烈的艺术效果(现代舞使用较多)。

常见的群舞队形

1、一字排列形

每个舞者面对观众一字排开,各跳各的,没有主从之分,这种队形,优点在人多壮声势,不过显然有些单调,是独立式的基本型。

2、雁行式

中间的突出来,其它的依次退后些,如雁飞时的队形,舞蹈的动作也许仍相似,但是观众主观上认为中间突出的是主,其它是次,于是有了主次之分,只是这种主次之分,可以在舞蹈中轮换舞者,来消除其阶序;也可以变换成其它独立式舞队,使主次之分不明显。

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

3、散点式

是一种平均分布的队形,然而其精神是在舞者每个人都同样重要,不分主次,所以前排不可以挡住后排,前排人数也多,所以也没有前排较重要的感觉。(许多街舞采这种方式)

4、圆圈式

这是围着圈圈跳舞的方式,于现在多是镜框式舞台的情形下,已经很少见,然而民族舞蹈中,强调参与,而非给人欣赏的舞蹈,这却是非常多。

双人舞各种姿态编排技法

1、背对背

两人贴着背往各个方向同时运动,这个技法难度比较大、多。(用于同性双人舞)

2、手和肩

这个技法比较常用和点的方式相同空间的,范围大、多,用于牵引上。

3、脚和脚也比较常用。多用于男女双人舞上。如两人躺下双脚抬起90度然后进行一系列的运用。它主要是不同于手。脚下的动作做出来比较新鲜,国外一般脚下比较活跃,国内一般注重上身。


Article catalogues

First, the basic elements of choreography.
Two, common group dance formation
Three. A variety of postures in the dance.

Basic elements of choreography

1, the basic elements of choreography.

The basic elements of choreography include three basic elements: dance expression, dance rhythm and dance composition. Rhythm is the time factor of dance movements, composition is the expression of dancers and rhythm changes, including spatial factors. Modeling dance expression is created by dancers to express people's emotions and ideas, so it is different from the general natural state of emotions, and not limited to facial expressions, but mainly through the "strength," "speed" and "amplitude" to reflect.

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

The form of contrast and the rhythm of dance combine the expression to form the composition of dance movement. Through the dynamic composition, it expresses the specific thoughts and feelings of the characters, and creates a variety of beautiful dance imagination space. Therefore, the three elements of dance interact with each other, forming a unique form of dance art. The three elements of dance are indispensable, but there are different focuses in different forms of dance. Generally speaking, self-entertaining dance focuses on rhythm, while stage performance dance is a combination of the three, closely inseparable.

Dance is never a single composition. All factors must come together. However, all factors do not appear at the same time, nor do they have the same value. Affected by external influences, the body acts in a certain period of time, in a certain space and under certain circumstances. According to the concept of dance, one of the factors may be dominant and take the lead. It will become a central factor in choreography, and other factors should be used as auxiliary elements in the dance movement.

2, the understanding of dance movements

2.1, the composition of dance moves:

Reorganization: Classification of an action or group of actions, rearranged in the same shape (the sequence of actions changes)

Overlap method: one or a set of actions are reused in the same space or in different spatial directions.

The method of division: retaining the partial dismantling of the whole (for example: a whole movement, not on the hand as long as the action on the foot).

Fuzzy method: a reservation and development on the imprint of original work.

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

2.2, the power of dance moves:

Strength is something similar to basic muscle tension. Through it, action can be generated. The sense of power concept is gained by gaining weight and injecting power into action.

3. The way to deal with the expression of dance.

Fantasy emotional expression: The process of making a transition to a particular emotion that is less obvious and specific.

Implicit emotional expression: the result of mental activity with incomplete external expression.

The emotional expression of images: the use of action at a glance.

Abstract emotional expression: through action vocabulary, clear things through the expression of abstract processing, so that it forms a strong artistic effect between the image and the image (modern dance is more used).

Common group dance formation

1, one word arrangement.

Each dancer is lined up in front of the audience, each dancing its own, there is no master-slave division, this formation, the advantages of a strong momentum in the crowd, but apparently some monotonous, is the basic type of independence.

2. Flying geese.

In the middle of the prominence, the other in turn, such as the formation of the wild goose flying, dance movements may still be similar, but the audience subjectively think that the middle prominent is the main, the other is secondary, so there is a primary and secondary division, but this primary and secondary division, can rotate in the dance, to eliminate its order; can also be changed into other independent dance teams, The distinction between primary and secondary is not obvious.

编舞的基本要素 - Basic elements of choreography

3. Scatter point.

It is an evenly distributed formation, but its spirit is that everyone is equally important in the dancer, regardless of primary and secondary, so the front row can not block the back row, the front row is also large, so there is no front row more important feeling. (many street dancing takes this way)

4. Circle type

It's a way of dancing around a circle, which is rarely seen in today's mostly framed stage, but there's so much emphasis on participation rather than appreciation in ethnic dance.

A variety of postures in the dance

1, back to back

Two people stick to their backs and move in all directions at the same time. This technique is much more difficult. (for homosexual double dance)

2. Hands and shoulders

This technique is often used in the same space as the usual way, with a large and large range for traction.

3, feet and feet are also more commonly used. It's mostly used for men's and women's dances. For example, two people lie down, feet up 90 degrees, and then perform a series of applications. It is mainly different from hands. The action at foot is quite fresh, and the feet are generally active in foreign countries.

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