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情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

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生活当中我们经常会遇到一些不良情绪,这些不良情绪变化会对我们来说会有影响,甚至患者需要合理的控制才能去缓解,情绪障碍的问题会对一个人的环境,包括生活的质量发生很大的变化,这类患者会过度悲伤,喜悦和快乐,所以要特别注意调节。

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

何谓情绪障碍?

简单说,情绪就是人对环境变化发生反应的激烈程度,情绪是人类进化的产物,与人生存的自然社会环境密切相关。人的情绪说起来非常复杂的,但其构成来自于四个基本情绪:快乐、悲伤、愤怒、恐惧。除了快乐,悲伤、愤怒、恐惧都是负面情绪,或者叫做不良情绪。随着社会转型变革,人们承受的压力越来越大,负性情绪主导的机会越来越多。如果一个人长期处于不良情绪笼罩之中,而不能随着时间的推移与环境的变化而改变,失去自我调节能力,那就是发生情绪障碍了。持续的心理压力或紧张状态、突发事件打击都是促使负性情绪障碍的主要因素。

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

为何综合性医院情绪障碍患者特别多?

据统计,95%以上的情绪障碍患者会去综合性医院寻求帮助,综合性医院中20-30%以上的患者有不同程度的情绪障碍,其中有医患双方的原因:从患者来说,感到身体不适当然去找医生,很多情绪障碍患者都有各种各样的躯体上的不舒服,比如头晕、心慌、气短、憋气、胸背痛、四肢麻木、出汗、腹胀、恶心、消化不良、尿频尿急等,主诉繁多,涉及各个器官系统,还有严重的乏力、虚脱感、耳鸣、失眠、各种异样感觉等等,似乎从头到脚都不舒服,这叫情绪障碍的“躯体化”现象,如一时难以确诊,更会加重患者疑虑焦虑情绪;从医生角度来说,缺乏认识、分科太细,习惯从器官疾病着手,见“病的器官”而不见“病的人”,忽视患者心理情绪问题,造成很多情绪障碍患者似乎都成了疑难杂症。

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

怎样的情绪障碍患者需要治疗

是否治疗取决于情绪障碍的严重性及持续性,如果影响到患者正常工作生活学习,给患者带来困惑痛苦,而不能自我摆脱,则需要治疗。越来越多临床证据证实,情绪障碍对于某些疾病的发生也有直接促进作用,比如高血压、心梗、心律失常及猝死、癌症、糖尿病等,且影响疾病康复,患者长期辗转病床、四处求医,给家庭和社会带来巨大经济及精神负担,甚至丧失生活勇气,导致自杀或杀人,例如温岭杀医案,酿成人间惨剧,其危害不可小视!


Reading guide

We often encounter some bad emotions in our lives. These bad emotional changes can affect us. Even patients need reasonable control to alleviate them. Emotional disorders can cause great changes in a person's environment, including the quality of life. Such patients will be excessively sad, happy and happy. Therefore, special attention should be paid to regulation.

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

What is emotional disorder?

Simply put, emotion is the degree to which people react to changes in the environment. Emotion is the product of human evolution and is closely related to the natural and social environment in which people live. Emotions are complex to say, but they come from four basic emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, fear. In addition to happiness, sadness, anger and fear are negative emotions, or bad emotions. With the social transformation and change, people are under increasing pressure, more and more opportunities for negative emotions to dominate. If a person is in a long period of bad mood, and can not change with time and environment changes, loss of self-regulation ability, that is the occurrence of emotional disorders. Persistent psychological stress or tension, and sudden attacks are the main factors contributing to negative emotional disorders.

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

Why are there many emotional disorders in general hospitals?

According to statistics, more than 95% of patients with emotional disorders will go to a general hospital for help. More than 20-30% of patients in a general hospital have different degrees of emotional disorders. There are reasons for both doctors and patients. Discomfort, such as dizziness, panic, shortness of breath, suffocation, chest and back pain, numbness of limbs, sweating, abdominal distention, nausea, indigestion, frequent urgency to urinate, and so on, involves various organ systems, as well as serious fatigue, lethargy, tinnitus, insomnia, all kinds of strange feelings, and so on, seems to be uncomfortable from head to toe. This is called "somatization" of emotional disorders, if difficult to diagnose for a while, it will aggravate patients'anxiety and suspicion; from the doctor's point of view, the lack of understanding, too fine division, habitual to start from organ diseases, see "sick organs" but not "sick people", ignoring the psychological and emotional problems of patients, resulting in a lot of emotional disorders. Patients seem to have become difficult diseases.

情绪障碍怎么治疗 - How to treat emotional disorders?

What kind of emotional disorder patients need treatment?

Whether the treatment depends on the severity and persistence of emotional disorders, if it affects the normal work life and learning of patients, bring confusion and pain to patients, and can not get rid of themselves, it needs treatment. More and more clinical evidences show that emotional disorders can also directly promote the occurrence of certain diseases, such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia and sudden death, cancer, diabetes and so on, and affect the rehabilitation of the disease. Patients with long-term bed toss and seek medical treatment around, bringing tremendous economic and mental burden to the family and society. To lose the courage of life, leading to suicide or homicide, such as Wenling killing medical cases, resulting in human tragedy, the harm can not be ignored!

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