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40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

文章导读

牙齿是我们日常生活比较重要的器官,不仅具有咀嚼东西的能力,而且还能让人整体看起来美观,一旦牙齿出现问题,不仅会影响美观,还会影响口腔健康,大家都知道牙齿矫正一般是越早越好,年龄越小,由于骨骼还没有发育完全,矫正是很好矫正的,那40岁矫正牙齿的危害有哪些呢?

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

成年人正畸最好不要超过40岁

我们一般认为18岁以后就进入成人期。成年人的正畸治疗与青少年相比有很大不同,这是由于成年人生长发育已经完成,颌面部骨缝已变为骨性融合,可塑性很低,而且成年人代谢速度变慢,生物反应性降低,增加了正畸治疗的难度。以前,正畸治疗的对象几乎全都是儿童和青少年,成年人正畸因其较为复杂而不被重视。近年来,由于科学技术的飞速发展,科学技术在医学领域中的广泛应用,使医疗水平不断提高。如口腔生物学、生物力学、材料学的发展,促进了口腔正畸学理论和技术的不断改进和发展,为成年人正畸奠定了基础。同时,成年人要求正畸治疗的人数也在日益增多。有人说,生活水平的提高,人口寿命的延长是成年人正畸发展的社会背景。

人们在衣食住行等基本生活要求满足后,开始重视提高生活质量,增强审美观念,这也是社会进步和文明程度提高的表现之一。排齐错位的牙齿,获得正常口腔功能和美观的容貌,已成为成年人生活追求中的一部分内容。

成年人正畸治疗的要求是正当的,也是可行的。但与青少年比较,成年人正畸更为复杂、成年人的错?畸形常伴随有其它口腔疾患。如龋病、牙周病、缺牙、牙齿磨耗、残冠、残根。口内不良修复物、颞下颌关节疾病等。在开始正畸治疗前,要全面控制牙体牙周疾病,拆除口内修复体,否则会影响矫治器的戴用和牙齿的移动。

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

成年人要在良好的口腔卫生条件下进行正畸治疗,在治疗过程中还要注意观察牙齿牙周情况的变化。成年人生长发育已经停止,牙槽骨改建比较缓慢,牙齿移动相对慢一些,所需要的治疗时间较长。

成年人正畸治疗后易于复发,所以治疗后的保持很重要。

成年人正畸的年龄最好不超过40岁,因为年龄过大,牙周组织健康水平降低,治疗中容易出现牙周组织损伤。

常见的成年人正畸形种类有:牙齿拥挤不齐、前牙间隙、前牙反?、上颌牙齿及颌骨前突、下颌偏斜造成的颜面不对称等。对于中、重度的骨性错?畸形,单靠移动牙齿不能达到理想的效果,这时进行正畸治疗的主要目的是配合外科进行术前、术后矫治和保持。

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

成年人正畸分为综合性治疗和辅助性治疗,前者的目的与青少年正畸治疗相同,是为了改善牙齿的美观和功能。后者的目的是为了配合镶牙等其它治疗。成年人由于职业、心理因素和其它社会活动的影响,对正畸治疗的时间长短、矫治器的美观、治疗效果有较多的要求。成年人具有独立思考能力,对于朋友或家人的意见和其它正畸患者的体会常进行对比考虑。固定矫治器体积小、效能高,比较适合于成年人使用。近年来又出现了舌侧固定矫治器、陶瓷托槽等,在美观上大大满足了患者的要求。虽然正畸技术的提高和优质的正畸器材为成年人正畸的发展提供了良好的条件,但是成年人由于主客观多方面的因素,在治疗效果上往往不能达到完美的程度,所以成年人在进行正畸治疗时,不能急于求成,对治疗的复杂性要有充分的认识和思想准备。

另外,成年人正畸还要考虑全身健康状况的影响,患有风湿性心脏病、冠心病、甲状腺机能减退、胃酸过多、糖尿病、关节炎、出血性疾病、癫痫等疾病者,先要使这些疾病得到控制。

孕妇进行正畸治疗要慎重。

果有口腔颌面部手术史、放射治疗史、用药史等应主动向医生说明情况,以免引起不良后果。


Reading guide

Tooth is an important organ in our daily life. It not only has the ability to chew, but also makes people look beautiful as a whole. Once the teeth have problems, it will not only affect the appearance, but also affect oral health. As we all know, the earlier the teeth are corrected, the better they are, the younger they are, because the bones have not yet been issued. The correction is very good. What are the dangers of 40 year old orthodontic teeth?

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

Adult orthodontics should not exceed 40 years old.

We generally believe that after the age of 18, they will enter adulthood. Orthodontic treatment in adults is quite different from that in adolescents. This is because the growth and development of adults have been completed, the maxillofacial suture has become osseointegration, plasticity is very low, and the metabolic rate of adults is slower, the biological reactivity is reduced, which increases the difficulty of orthodontic treatment. In the past, the object of orthodontic treatment was almost all children and adolescents. Adult orthodontic treatment was ignored because of its complexity. In recent years, due to the rapid development of science and technology, science and technology in the medical field of widespread application, so that the level of medical care is constantly improving. For example, the development of oral biology, biomechanics and materials science has promoted the continuous improvement and development of Orthodontics theory and technology, and laid a foundation for adult orthodontics. At the same time, the number of adult orthodontic treatment is also increasing. It is said that the improvement of living standard and the prolongation of life span are the social background of adult orthodontic development.

People begin to pay attention to improving the quality of life and enhance aesthetic values after the basic living requirements such as food, clothing, shelter and transportation have been met. This is also one of the manifestations of social progress and the improvement of civilization. The alignment of dislocated teeth, the acquisition of normal oral function and beautiful appearance, has become part of the pursuit of adult life.

Adult orthodontic treatment is justified and feasible. But compared with teenagers, adult orthodontics is more complicated and adult wrong. Deformities are often accompanied by other oral diseases. For example, dental caries, periodontal disease, missing teeth, tooth wear, residual crowns and residual roots. Poor intraoral repair, temporomandibular joint diseases, etc. Before orthodontic treatment, periodontal disease should be controlled comprehensively and intraoral restorations should be removed. Otherwise, it will affect the use of orthodontic appliances and tooth movement.

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

Adults should be given orthodontic treatment under good oral hygiene conditions, and pay attention to the changes of periodontal conditions during the treatment. Adults have stopped growing, alveolar bone remodeling is slower, teeth move slower and require longer treatment.

Adults are prone to relapse after orthodontic treatment, so maintaining after treatment is very important.

Adult orthodontic age is best not to exceed 40 years old, because the age is too old, periodontal tissue health level is reduced, treatment prone to periodontal tissue damage.

Common adult malformations include: crowded teeth, anterior teeth space, anterior teeth reversed. Maxillofacial and mandibular protrusion, facial asymmetry caused by mandibular deviation. For moderate or severe skeletal errors? Deformity can not be achieved by simply moving the teeth. The main purpose of orthodontic treatment is to cooperate with surgery for preoperative and postoperative correction and maintenance.

40岁矫正牙齿的危害? - What is the danger of dental correction at age 40?

Adult orthodontic treatment is divided into comprehensive treatment and adjuvant treatment, the former is the same as adolescent orthodontic treatment, is to improve the aesthetic and functional teeth. The purpose of the latter is to cooperate with other treatments such as dental implant. Due to the influence of occupation, psychological factors and other social activities, adults have more demands on the length of orthodontic treatment, the beauty of orthodontic appliances and the therapeutic effect. Adults have the ability to think independently, and the opinions of friends or family members are often compared with those of other orthodontic patients. The fixed appliance is small in size and high in efficiency and suitable for adults. In recent years, lingual fixed appliances and ceramic brackets have appeared, which greatly meet the aesthetic requirements of patients. Although the improvement of orthodontic technology and high-quality orthodontic equipment provide good conditions for the development of adult orthodontics, but because of subjective and objective factors, adults often can not achieve perfect treatment results, so adults in orthodontic treatment, can not be rushed to achieve, the complexity of the treatment. Full knowledge and mental preparation.

In addition, adult orthodontic also need to consider the impact of systemic health, suffering from rheumatic heart disease, coronary heart disease, hypothyroidism, hyperacidity, diabetes, arthritis, hemorrhagic diseases, epilepsy and other diseases, the first to make these diseases under control.

Pregnant women should be cautious in orthodontic treatment.

If oral and maxillofacial surgery history, radiation therapy history, medication history should take the initiative to explain to the doctor, so as to avoid adverse consequences.

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