优生遗传检查些什么? – What is the eugenics genetic examination?

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现在的社会在提倡优生优育,实际上,大家都知道优生优育的重要性,每个父母都希望生下一个健康聪明的宝宝,想要实现这个愿望的话,准备生孩子之前就要做很多工作了,比如夫妻双方在备孕的时候就需要去医院做孕前检查,主要检查的内容包括下列这些。

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

优生遗传检查些什么?

优生筛查的主要内容。巨细胞病毒、单纯疱疹病毒、风疹病毒、弓形虫、乙肝病毒、人乳头瘤病毒、解脲支原体、沙眼依原体、淋球菌、梅毒、爱滋病毒等等。目前临床中常做的有优生四项检查,包括巨细胞病毒、单纯疱疹病毒、风疹病毒、弓形虫。

优生六项检查:包括巨细胞病毒、单纯疱疹病毒、风疹病毒、弓形虫、人乳头瘤病毒、解脲支原体。各家医院所做的项目都不尽相同,但都是临床中最容易感染的病原体。

优生优育是现在人们都比较提倡的一个理念,很多人在生孩子之前都会去医院进行有关优生的检查,以便将来自己的孩子能够更加优秀一些,而如果本身就患有某种遗传病的话,就更应重视优生这个问题,应该去遗传优生科检查和咨询,那么,遗传优生科是什么科室?

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

遗传优生科是什么科室?

针对每个医院不同分科细致程度不同。可以归属到妇产科,也可以是优生优育门诊。优生就是让每个家庭都有健康的孩子.优育就是让每个出生的孩子都可以受到良好的教育.优生优育的措施包括禁止近亲结婚、提倡遗传咨询和产前诊断等,在怀孕前去遗传优生科检查咨询是很有必要的。

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

怎样才能做到优生优育?

1、要认真对待婚前医学检查,通过检查发现的一些疾病,如乙肝等,这些疾病都是会影响后代的健康,引发胎儿畸形,只有治愈后才能怀孕;

2、避免在春冬季怀孕,春冬季病毒较多,在春冬季怀孕的胎儿畸形发生率明显高于夏秋季。

3、做好怀孕前的准备工作,不要盲目怀孕,做到有准备、有计划的怀孕,进行一些必要的检查,如风疹病毒检测。风疹病毒感染会导致胎儿先天性的心脏病及先天性的耳聋,可以通过打风疹疫苗来预防风疹病毒感染;怀孕前三个月可服用叶酸片,以防胎儿神经管的畸形。

4、防止生殖道感染性疾病。生殖道感染性疾病主要是由于不洁性行为引起的,因此要规范性行为,已确诊的要及时治疗孕妇发现自己分泌物有异常的也要及时就医,不能因为怀孕而拒绝用药甚至讳疾忌医。

5、怀孕后立即建立围产保健卡,定期检查,14-20周时可做唐氏筛查,28周前做B超检测等,这些检查都可以在怀孕早期查出胎儿是否畸形。


Reading guide

In fact, everyone knows the importance of eugenics. Every parent wants to have a healthy and smart baby. To achieve this goal, there is a lot of work to be done before they are ready to have a baby. For example, couples need to go to a hospital for a prenatal check-up when they are ready to have a baby. The main contents of the inspection include the following.

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

What is the eugenics genetic examination?

The main contents of eugenic screening. Cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, rubella virus, toxoplasma, hepatitis B virus, human papillomavirus, Ureaplasma urealyticum, trachoma, gonococcus, syphilis, HIV and so on. At present, there are four kinds of eugenics tests, including cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, rubella virus and Toxoplasma gondii.

Six tests for eugenics included cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, rubella virus, Toxoplasma gondii, human papillomavirus and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Hospitals do different things, but they are the most susceptible pathogens in the clinic.

Eugenicity is a concept that people advocate now. Many people go to the hospital before giving birth to their children for the examination of eugenics so that their children can be better in the future. If they have a genetic disease, they should pay more attention to the problem of eugenics, and should go to the Department of genetic eugenics. What is the Department of genetic eugenics?

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

What is the Department of genetic eugenics?

For each hospital, different departments have different degrees of detail. It can belong to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and it can also be an outpatient clinic. Eugenics means that every family has healthy children. Eugenics means that every child born can be well educated. Eugenics measures include prohibiting inbreeding, advocating genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. It is necessary to consult with the Department of genetic eugenics before pregnancy.

优生遗传检查些什么? - What is the eugenics genetic examination?

How can we achieve eugenics?

1. We should take seriously the pre-marital medical examination, through the examination found some diseases, such as hepatitis B, these diseases will affect the health of offspring, causing fetal malformations, only after the cure can pregnancy;

2. To avoid pregnancy in spring and winter, there are more viruses in spring and winter. The incidence of fetal malformation in spring and winter is significantly higher than that in summer and autumn.

3. Do a good job of preparation before pregnancy, do not be pregnant blindly, do a prepared, planned pregnancy, some necessary tests, such as rubella virus testing. Rubella virus infection can lead to congenital heart disease and congenital deafness of the fetus, through the rubella vaccine to prevent rubella virus infection; folic acid tablets can be taken in the first three months of pregnancy to prevent neural tube malformation.

4, prevent reproductive tract infectious diseases. Reproductive tract infectious diseases are mainly caused by unclean sexual behavior, so to regulate sexual behavior, has been diagnosed to timely treatment, pregnant women find their own secretions have abnormal medical treatment should also be timely, not because of pregnancy and refuse to use drugs or even taboo medical treatment.

5. Establish the perinatal health care card immediately after pregnancy, check it regularly, do Down’s screening at 14-20 weeks, and do B-ultrasound examination 28 weeks ago. All these tests can detect whether the fetus is abnormal or not in the early pregnancy.

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